Emergency lamps are lighting fixtures that turn on automatically when there is a power outage.
What are emergency lamps?
Le emergency lamps they are lighting devices that turn on automatically when there is a power cut and it is therefore not possible to have ordinary lighting.
The Spanish legislation prescribes them in places open to the public, such as workplaces, schools, hospitals, shopping centers and so on, also establishing the minimum lux that must be emitted, their size and colour.
In the private sphere however, there is no obligation: every owner can freely decide whether to install them but, by now, we can say that anyone who builds a new home or renovates an existing one can no longer do without them.
In fact, when you suddenly find yourself in the dark, it can be dangerous to grope around, risking tripping or bumping into something.
All the more reason it is necessary to be careful in multi-level houses, where movements also take place via the stairs and there is a serious risk of falling.
These lights therefore allow you to safely reach the meter if it is a local problem (e.g. a overload) or to continue their activities awaiting the restoration of normal conditions, in the case of a failure on a larger scale.
How do emergency lamps work?
The emergency lamp usually consists of one light source (fluorescent or LED), a battery interior and various electrical components. The autonomy of the batteries is generally variable from one to three hours.
Most emergency lamps are connected to the electricity grid. From this, they continuously absorb energy but, unlike other connected devices, they do not use it immediately but accumulate it in special batteries.
This way, as soon as the lifesaver is triggered o and check one Blackout generally, through a sort of switch, they turn on automatically.
When the power to the main circuit of the electrical system is reactivated (and therefore the current returns), the emergency lights go out and the batteries start charging again.
Emergency lamps are different from safety lamps used in public places. In fact, they don't have to stay on all the time but are only activated when necessary to avoid being completely in the dark and allow people to gather in safe places.
There are also emergency lamps off grid, therefore not connected to the mains, but in this case they are powered by batteries, also of the rechargeable type, and must be operated by hand when there is no electricity.
Types of emergency lamps
The emergency lamps connected to the network can be of three types, distinguished according to the type of installation:
• the wall
• from socket.
Those off grid are instead only those portable.
As for power supply, most of the models use today LED bulbs because they guarantee excellent lighting and above all significantly reduce energy consumption.
Then there are the portable lamps, which must be connected to an electrical outlet via a power cable and, as the name implies, can be moved if necessary.
Su Amazon you can find different types:
• Velamp OVIDEA LED.
In the past, emergency luminaires were rather objectionable from an aesthetic point of view. In fact, since they weren't furnishing lighting fixtures, they weren't very accurate from a design point of view.
Today however, in most cases, they integrate perfectly with the general lighting without causing any disturbance or, at the very least, they blend in perfectly with the wall.
In short, there are no more excuses not to install them!
Hazard lights must be placed in precise points where they can ensure adequate lighting for all environments.
They are generally placed in corridors and corridors, in order to illuminate the passage areas and, from these, also the various rooms.
It is very useful to have one in too kitchen, an environment in which dangers may be present and where, among other things, the family could gather in the event of a blackout.
If your house is a duplex spread over two floors, it is obviously appropriate to place one near the ladder.
One should be installed right above the entrance door, so that it can be easily identified in case it becomes necessary to leave the apartment.
The location must be up, so that from that point the light can radiate as much as possible into the environment.
How many lamps to install in all, then? The total number will also depend on the size of the house. In a two-room apartment, only one may be enough, as the surface of the accommodation increases, it is advisable to install a greater number, such as to guarantee safety throughout the house.
In addition to the fixed lamps, always get a portable one which could be useful, for example, for moving outside to the general meter.
Alternatively, there are built-in models extractable, which despite having a fixed position, can be used to move if necessary.
How to install emergency lights
The installation of socket emergency lamps is very simple and can be easily done by yourself. Once fixed, they can also be used as courtesy lights.
Those on the wall or recessed must be installed with the intervention of a electrician. For recessed lamps, for example, it is necessary to prepare a special compartment in the masonry in which to insert them, therefore they also require masonry work in addition to those relating to the electrical connections.
For wall installation, on the other hand, it is sufficient that there is an available surface where to position the support base of the device. The latter is in fact the cheapest and most widespread solution precisely because it does not require major works.
In any case, if you have to deal with building interventions that involve the compliance or the reconstruction of the electrical system, it is advisable to take advantage of it by integrating it with a suitable number of emergency lamps.
Maintenance of emergency lamps
Over time, even the emergency light batteries are subject to deterioration.
Periodically, therefore, it is appropriate to conduct gods test (by disconnecting the power) to check that it works correctly.
All this in order to avoid ending up with discharged lamps when needed!
How to choose the emergency lamp
To conclude, if you need to buy one or more emergency lamps to install in your home, pay particular attention to these two things:
• theautonomy Battery
• theintensity of lighting.